With RPM distribution out in 1.3.2 version, the OpenSearch build team is moving forward to start working on the next distribution support. Based on the interests received, both Windows and Debian distributions are the next top priorities in that order. As a next step, we will start working on the remaining tasks for Windows distribution tracked
here. Debian is still one of the top priorities and we welcome anyone who would like to collaborate to help move this forward.
Any feedbacks, comments, or contributions are welcomed.
June 10, 2022, 5:19pm
November 30, 2022, 3:46am
@kris and @himanshusetia Do we have any ETA on Debian support?
December 6, 2022, 7:16pm
@dinesh - it is currently targeted for 2.5.0 and is being tracked here:
12:15PM - 16 Aug 22 UTC
Coming from #28
# OpenSearch DEB Distribution Design Document
… ey everyone,
I want to explain all details for the workflow of providing the *DEB packages* for the future releases on OpenSearch/Dashboards.
In parts, this topic has already been dealt with in Issue [Design OpenSearch/Dashboards DEB/RPM Distribution Design Document · Issue #1452 · opensearch-project/opensearch-build · GitHub](https://github.com/opensearch-project/opensearch-build/issues/1452).
Please feel free to comment and raising questions about it.
To be transparent, I am currently working for the company Graylog, who would like to provide a *DEB packages* to their customers as well.
As 2022/08, OpenSearch project published *Tarball*, *Docker Images*, *RPM packages* and *YUM packages* as part of the release artifacts. As a result, the community asked in multiple issues for *DEB packages* for OpenSearch.
This design issue is based on the issue created in 2022/01 [Design OpenSearch/Dashboards DEB/RPM Distribution Design Document · Issue #1452 · opensearch-project/opensearch-build · GitHub](https://github.com/opensearch-project/opensearch-build/issues/1452). This design issue has already covered parts of the *DEB packages* build. But then mainly the building of the RPM package was described in the issue.
### [Milestone 1] OpenSearch build process for DEB package generation
* The current workflow which already generates *Tarball* and *RPM packages* should be modified to also generate *DEB packages*.
* The way the current packages are built should also be feasible for building the *DEB packages* by using the same behavior and arguments.
* The build process which already exists should be used to create the contents of the *DEB packages*.
* Create one *DEB package* for OpenSearch.
* Create one *DEB package* for OpenSearch-Dashboards.
* Post scripts should register the plugins.
* Should include scripts for pre and post stuff.
* Should include systemd and sysvinit configuration files.
### [Milestone 2] DEB Package Signing
* The provided *DEB packages* should be signed with GPG to allow verify the source.
* Should provide a GPG public keyring to verify the source of the packages.
* Likewise, a checksum file with SHA512 should be provided.
* Maybe `debsign` is an option to use (man page is [debsign(1) — devscripts — Debian bullseye — Debian Manpages](https://manpages.debian.org/bullseye/devscripts/debsign.1.en.html)) to sign the packages.
### [Milestone 3] DEB Package Design
* The Debian package should consider the following the naming schema `opensearch_1.0.0_amd64.deb` and `opensearch-dashboards_1.0.0_amd64.deb`.
* As for now, we should provide two *DEB packages*, one which contains OpenSearch and another for the Dashboards check [Opensearch 2.1.0 · OpenSearch](https://opensearch.org/downloads.html)
* The package should be built for the architectures amd64 and arm64.
* The packages should use the `prerm`, `postinst` features to store a script here which will be executed after the package has been unpacked.
* With the help of these scripts, in the case when the packages have to be uninstalled, for example, the services should be stopped before removing files from the filesystem.
* These scripts should also initialise plugins automatically.
* We should be able to adopt the existing scripts which are already used for the RPM package.
* Include a description, `LICENSE` and `README` file.
* When assembling the *DEB packages*, dependencies should be added to the package definition. And also define to be incompatible with other versions of the same *DEB packages*.
* The package should create user/group for the daemon.
* The dashboards plugin package should require the opensearch package as an dependency.
* The dashboards plugin package should automatically register the plugins in OpenSearch.
### [Milestone 4] DEB Package Publishing
* Publish *DEB packages* files for direct downloading
* Publish via *DEB repository*
* Publish a *DEB repository* which can be created by for example [aptly - Debian repository management tool](https://www.aptly.info/) see also [DebianRepository - Debian Wiki](https://wiki.debian.org/DebianRepository).
* The *DEB packages* and the *DEB repository* should be uploaded to the existing artifacts.opensearch.org with the same process which already exists.
* Also the generated e.g. `Packages` files for the repository should be signed with PGP, `aptly` are able to sign the files.
### [Milestone 5] Installation
The *DEB packages* should work on the current Debian (11.4 Bullseye) and Ubuntu (22.04.1 LTS) versions.
* Users should be able to download the *DEB packages* directly from [Opensearch 2.1.0 · OpenSearch](https://opensearch.org/downloads.html) and installing them with:
dpkg -i opensearch_2.0.0_amd64.deb opensearch-dashboards_2.0.0_amd64.deb
* Users should be able to add the APT repository and install the *DEB packages* with:
apt-get install opensearch opensearch-dashboards
### [Milestone 6] Validation
The build system should apply tests to validate the quality of the delivered product before releasing to public.
These tests should cover the latest Debian and Ubuntu distribution.
* Validate *DEB packages* file downloading.
* Validate *DEB packages* downloading over APT repository.
* Validate *DEB packages* signing.
* Validate *DEB packages* installing.
* Validate *DEB packages* upgrading/downgrading.
* Validate *DEB packages* uninstalling.
The already existing workflow should be adapted and extended to build the *DEB packages* as well as to deploy them in the existing infrastructure to serve the files.
To build the packages, the build system should use Debian Bullseye or Ubuntu 22.04.1 for this.
## Assemble the DEB distribution
The existing scripts that already work for RPM packages should be adapted so that they also work for DEB packages.
* *DEB packages* build should also based on the tar and plugin installation.
* Scripts for pre and post hooks, systemd and sysvinit files should be included.
sudo dpkg -i opensearch_<version>_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i opensearch-dashboards_<version>_amd64.deb
With the APT repository:
# download the gpg key
wget -qO - https://artifacts.opensearch.org/GPG-KEY-opensearch | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/opensearch-keyring.gpg
# install dependencies
sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https
# add the opensearch repository
echo "echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/opensearch-keyring.gpg] https://artifacts.opensearch.org/packages/2.x/apt stable main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/opensearch-2.x.list"
# install opensearch
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install opensearch opensearch-dashboards
Once the OpenSearch daemon is installed, the status can be queried from the cluster, checkout the API https://opensearch.org/docs/latest/opensearch/popular-api/
With `dpkg` or APT repository:
sudo dpkg --remove opensearch_<version>_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg --remove opensearch-dashboards_<version>_amd64.deb
### Usage with systemd to manipulate the daemon state
sudo systemctl enable --now opensearch
sudo systemctl enable --now opensearch-dashboards
sudo systemctl disable --now opensearch-dashboards
sudo systemctl disable --now opensearch
sudo systemctl status opensearch
sudo systemctl status opensearch-dashboards
# Reference links
* [HOWTO: GPG sign and verify deb packages and APT repositories | Packagecloud Blog](https://blog.packagecloud.io/how-to-gpg-sign-and-verify-deb-packages-and-apt-repositories/)
* [aptly - Debian repository management tool](https://www.aptly.info/)