Combining KNN score with keyword query

Previously I’ve used the default Elasticsearch release that includes cosineSimilarity functionality as part of the x-pack. I was able to run a normal keyword query and then multiply the keyword _score by a similarity score using a painless script (_score * cosineSimilarity(v1, v2)).

I have not figured out how to do the same thing with the KNN implementation. I see that additional functions can be provided to re-weight the KNN score, but I don’t see how to multiply the score from a basic keyword query with a KNN similarity score.

Is this kind of usage intended? If not, is there a workaround?


Hi @timforr, sorry for the delayed response. We are working on custom scoring support at the moment:

In the first version of this, we will not have the functionality of _score * cosineSimilarity(v1, v2))

Basically, a query will look like this:

GET /knn_index/_search
  "query": {
    "script_score": {
      "query" : {
        "bool" : {
          "filter" : {
                 # apply some kind of filter
      "script": {
        "lang": "knn",
        "source": "knn_score",
        "params": {
          "field": "test_knn_vector",
          "vector": [x, y, z],
          "space": "cosinesimil"  

Out of curiosity, why do you want to multiply the cosine similarity with the bm25 score?

Ok, thanks. My general use case is wanting to do a keyword search but then re-weighting those results by a similarity score (specifically, by a function of the similarity score). It actually seems like I can use function score to sort of do what I want with the current implementation, but in a kind of roundabout way compared to the simplicity of using a Painless script.

Actually, there is no way to do what I want (afaict). I want to take the score of a normal keyword query, e.g. A = 145, and multiply it by the score of a similarity score from KNN (between 0 and 1), e.g. B = 0.33.

My idea as a workaround was to take log(A) and log(B) in two function scores and combine them with a bool must query (which would add them, equivalent to multiplying them since I would take the logarithm). However, this does not work because the logarithm of B will always be negative which raises an error.


Created feature request to expose the similarity score functions to address similar use cases. We would prioritize in our next releases. Will update on this thread once the feature is deployed.

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Thanks @vamshin that’s great news! Do you have a rough release schedule? Any estimate of when this functionality would be available on AWS would help a lot with my planning.

Hi @timforr,

We are targeting our next release. We would update the thread with more concrete information once we have timelines for next release.

@timforr Out of curiosity how are you planning to combine the two queries ? I had a similar idea and was thinking of using

Hi @timforr ,
We recently released (odfe 1.13.0) support for KNNSimilarity functions inside painless scripting. You can find the documentation here.